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Más oscuro y más peligroso: derechos humanos en 40 países

In sociologia on September 13, 2017 at 2:24 pm

Source: Más oscuro y más peligroso: derechos humanos en 40 países

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La sociología y los estudios jurídicos en el enseño de los derechos humanos (Libro)

In cidadania, Democracia, dialectics, direitos humanos, history, Politics, sociologia, twentieth century on August 21, 2017 at 1:15 pm

Analisis del problema de la convivencia de derechos en el enseño de los derechos humanos

El desafío del presente trabajo es poner en relieve la diferencia y complementariedad entre los estudios jurídicos y la sociología ante el enseño de los derechos humanos. En los estudios jurídicos, la constatación de que los derechos de un individuo conviven con los derechos de otros no es tratada como un hecho social en el sentido empírico del termo, sino que es un resultado, y acontece únicamente bajo condición. Es la colocación en perspectiva de la actividad de ponderación, característica de los tribunales, que es tenida por indispensable para que sea posible la dicha convivencia de derechos, la cual se revela, pues, un hecho normativo, ideal a ser protegido por los tribunales. Sin embargo, el carácter social histórico de los derechos humanos es incontestable y debe ser llevado en cuenta. En sociología, no es posible dejar de lado el hecho de la correlación de los derechos con los cuadros sociales. Es decir, el hecho social de la fusión parcial entre las prerrogativas de unos y las obligaciones de otros, que precede la actividad de ponderación.

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Los Derechos Humanos Y La Lucha Contra El Terrorismo

In sociologia on July 7, 2017 at 3:47 pm

SSF/RIO Fórum de Sociologia

El Relator Especial de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos humanos y la lucha contra el terrorismo, Ben Emmerson, realizará una visita oficial a Sri Lanka del 10 al 14 de julio para recabar información de primera mano sobre las iniciativas en la esfera de la lucha contra el terrorismo y Evaluar cómo afectan a la promoción y protección de los derechos humanos.

“Trataré de prestar asistencia en el debate sobre la política y el marco jurídico del país en materia de lucha contra el terrorismo, así como en la preparación y redacción de los actos legislativos pertinentes, con miras a asegurar que las medidas adoptadas por el Gobierno se ajusten a las normas internacionales de derechos humanos “, dice el Sr. Emmerson.

Durante su misión de cinco días al país, el Sr. Emmerson tiene previsto celebrar reuniones de alto nivel con representantes del Gobierno, incluidos los ministerios encargados…

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Pauta sociológica para examinar as desigualdades sociais em vista dos Direitos Humanos

In sociologia on July 6, 2017 at 4:29 pm

SSF/RIO Fórum de Sociologia

 por Autor JLumier2012

Jacob (J.) Lumier

Representante de Sociólogos sem Fronteiras Rio de Janeiro – SSF/RIO

Ícone+legenda SSF_RIOpeq

 

  • Nosso desafio:

Equacionar o exame do problema sociológico das desigualdades sociais em vista de discernir obstáculos ao avanço dos direitos humanos nas organizações empresariais e corporativas.

 

Os eixos da atividade

  • O Panorama das Desigualdades Sociais
  • O limite da Igualdade e o Contraste de Opulência e Pobreza
  • Desigualdades sociais e Desigualdades neoliberais
  • A Desconstrução das Desigualdades Sociais

 

As Linhas de Atividade

Debater, pôr em relevo, desenvolver, descrever, elaborar sobre os seguintes tópicos:

 

  1. Sociologia e Solidariedade.

®     Os aspectos críticos mais relevantes das desigualdades neoliberais que sufocam as democracias, a exemplo do que aconteceu na Grécia, em Portugal, Espanha e Itália;

®     O funcionamento das desigualdades que são reproduzidas em função da distribuição e procura de vantagem diferencial;

®     A percepção da categoria economicista da vantagem diferencial como imposição;

®     A percepção do Curriculum…

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Análisis crítico del sociologismo de Durkheim

In sociologia on June 15, 2017 at 12:15 am

Sociologia do século vinte

Sumário

La solidaridad como entrelazada a los estados mentales. 1

La desviación de la conciencia colectiva en una teoría del progreso. 1

Una espiritualidad social como ascendente moral 1

La desintegración anómica como criterio del mal 1

El sociologismo de la metamoral 1

Una falta de relativismo. 1

Conclusión. 1

Más información http://www.oei.es/historico/cienciayuniversidad/spip.php?article388

https://leiturasociologica.wordpress.com/2013/04/30/desejo-e-vontade-em-sociologia-ampliado/

https://leiturasociologica.wordpress.com/o-sociologo-diante-do-utilitarismo/

Al mismo tiempo que defendió la contribución de Durkheim a la sociología de la vida moral, Gurvitch es despiadado al desmontar el casi delirio espiritualista de Durkheim, contrario a la psicología colectiva, lo que algunos sociólogos no le gustaron al oír.

Las reflexiones y análisis de Durkheim no sobrepasaron la identificación de la conciencia colectiva con las creencias (conciencia colectiva cerrada).

La solidaridad como entrelazada a los estados mentales.

En cuanto a la descripción del sociologismo, podemos notar inicialmente la tendencia errática que altera el estatuto sociológico de la conciencia colectiva, y que impidió a…

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O Esquema de Análise Diferencial em Microssociologia

In sociologia on May 28, 2017 at 5:40 pm

Sociologia do século vinte

 

Sumário

O Esquema de Análise Diferencial em Microssociologia. 1

Os doze planos da pesquisa microssociológica da variabilidade segundo a classificação de Gurvitch   2

Resumo dos enunciados básicos de teoria sociológica diferencial: 2

As Relações com Outrem.. 3

As manifestações da sociabilidade como fenômenos de mudança social 5

As ambiguidades dialéticas. 7

 

O Esquema de Análise Diferencial em Microssociologia.

►Apreciado nele mesmo, o esquema para a análise diferencial em microssociologia distingue o seguinte:

1) – a sociabilidade por fusão parcial nos Nós-outros, ou que se manifesta na participação nos Nós-outros, cujos graus de intensidade são a Massa, a Comunidade e a Comunhão.

Na Massa, a pressão (“exterior”) do conjunto sobre os participantes é a mais forte dos três graus, e a atração (“interior”) do Nós-outros é a mais débil; na Comunidade prevalece a média e na Comunhão ocorre o inverso da Massa, de tal sorte que o…

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La estratificación social en entornos capitalistas

In sociologia on April 29, 2017 at 4:15 pm

Sociologia do século vinte

La Sociología, los Derechos Humanos y la Deconstrucción de las Desigualdades:

Estudio crítico sobre la estratificación social en entornos capitalistas.

Versión en libro del paper completo de Abril 2013 presentado a la International Sociological Association –ISA con el siguiente título: “La sociología en la universalización de los derechos humanos y sociales a través de la deconstrucción de las desigualdades” – “Sociology in the universalization of human and social rights through deconstruction of inequalities”. Abstract #30864

Por

Jacob (J.) Lumier

Autor de Ensayos Sociológicos con trabajos difundidos en la Web de la Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura – OEI y junto a la página del Ministerio de Educación de Brasil (Domínio Público).

Websitio Produção Leituras do Século XX

http://www.leiturasjlumierautor.pro.br

Río de Janeiro / RJ, Brasil, Agosto 2014

La sociología, los DDHH y La deconstrucción de las desigualdades

Jacob (J.) Lumier

Epígrafe

Karl…

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Contra a censura e pelo pensamento crítico

In comunicação social, convenções internacionais, Democracia, desenvolvimento, direitos humanos, públicos, Politics on March 3, 2017 at 4:22 pm

Apoiamos e subscrevemos inteiramente a ação contra a censura e a supressão do pensamento crítico promovida hoje, 3 de Março, pelo Relator Especial das Nações Unidas para a Liberdade de Opinião e de Expressão, David Kaye, juntamente com os relatores especiais da Organização para a Segurança e Cooperação na Europa (OSCE), a Organização dos Estados Americanos (OEA) e a Comissão Africana dos Direitos Humanos e dos Povos (CADHP) [The United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Representative on Freedom of the Media, the Organization of American States (OAS) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information]

Como sabem, os principais observadores da liberdade de expressão em todo o mundo se reuniram para debater sobre a liberdade de expressão e emitir uma declaração conjunta, centrando-se este ano nas chamadas notícias falsas, desinformação e propaganda. Ver press release online

As notícias falsas trazem o risco de que os esforços feitos para combate-las possam conduzir à censura, à supressão do pensamento crítico e outros enfoques contrários aos direitos humanos.

Nessa declaração conjunta, identificamos os princípios gerais que devem aplicar-se a qualquer esforço para tratar essas questões.

 

The Joint Declaration is available here

 

Leia também o artigo de Jacob J. Lumier: http://observatoriodaimprensa.com.br/sem-categoria/o-diferencial-da-liberdade-de-expressao/

 

Jota terno 2016_B

 

 

Jacob J. Lumier – Movimento dos Direitos Humanos

The international counter-offensive of human rights

In conhecimentos universitários, convenções internacionais, Democracia, desenvolvimento, direitos humanos, ensino superior, história, history, movimentos sociais, Politics, século vinte, sociologia, sociologia, twentieth century on March 1, 2017 at 11:34 pm

 

The international counter-offensive of human rights
Original article in Portuguese submitted to the Press Observatory (Observatório da Imprensa) on February 20, 2017
Jota terno 2016_Blink: http://observatoriodaimprensa.com.br/direitos-humanos/reacao-contra-xenofobia-e-racismo/

By Jacob J. Lumier [human rights movement].

 


The electoral rise of right-wing politicians in the world and the refugee catastrophe seemed to impose silence and shrink the international human rights community. However, the story is not quite like that.

 




The astonishment of journalists

  • A few months ago, The Guardian and other important international vehicles commented with surprise on the antipopulista intervention of the High Commissioner of Human Rights, through freedom of the press. He is the outstanding Jordanian diplomat Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, who is returning to the scene in style, with a formidable international campaign of formation of financial funds for the concerted action for the human rights in the world, as it published and commented the International newspaper Jurist (University of Pittsburgh).
  • The UN human rights chief diplomat has had an impact in protesting against right-wing politicians who, to win elections in their respective countries, in the context of the refugee catastrophe, galvanize people’s anxiety through opposing and even hostile stances to the guidelines of international human rights law.
  • Suffice it to note the reactionary discourse of the couple of xenophobes and anti-Islamists Geert Wilders, in the Netherlands, and Marine Le Pen, in France, who are hitchhiking on their mentor, the provocative protectionist Donald Trump, also driven by the anti-European vote of brexit, which binds the briton Nigel Farage.
  • Considering that Ambassador Zeid’s statement reveals his determined position not to be silent in the face of the objective coordination of demagogues, populists and politicians who fantasizes, and, contrary to common sense, seem to be betting on the neutralization of the historical engagement of their countries with the Universal Declaration of 1948, the astonishment of journalists seems justified.
  • Global theme
  • Due to the high level of their elaboration, they often represent human rights diplomacy with ethical legal protagonism, especially in the official channels of the international community, such as foundations, institutes, councils and forums, for example.
  • They assume that the ethical approach to diplomacy, based on its effective operation in the mechanisms of the United Nations human rights system, should refrain from demonstrations of resistance against anti-historical ideological outbursts, and that the virtue of this self-control would restrain the motion for the diplomat’s public intervention against provocations during election periods.
  • However, they must take into account the acknowledged finding that diplomacy has had repercussion in the elaboration of human rights as a global theme, summarized in the proposition that only the effective guarantee of the human rights of the population confers full legitimacy to the rulers at the world level, proposition conquered as a fruit of the historic Vienna Conference (1993). Diplomacy would be guided by this search for an effective guarantee, as an engagement of the ruling elites of the states, their historical commitment, guided by the elaboration of the values indispensable to international human rights law.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1948) meant a legal response to the fact that the right of every human being to universal hospitality is denied in practice by the existence of refugees, stateless persons, displaced persons, concentration camps and genocide. Subsequently, the right to have rights enforced the need for universal tutelage, homologated from the point of view of humanity (Hannah Arendt). According to scholars, the delimitation of the state reason, thus placed in perspective, would therefore be on the horizon of human rights diplomacy.

  • Awareness of freedom
  • The social framework of diplomatic action activated by the Declaration (UDHR) actually anticipated the advent of the respective global theme – or is it related to it. It recalls that UDHR 1948 resulted from the political perception that the atrocities of totalitarianism meant an unprecedented rupture with the traditional ethical orientation towards good government. Better: because it is an unprecedented break with all ethics, the simple political perception is overcome; limited to the knowledge of obstacles to the realization of the ideal of society.
  • From this realistic point of view, UDHR 1948 is the highlight of the manifestation of the consciousness of freedom: a concerted action leading to integration as a structural change, which also includes the social awareness of human rights diplomacy, its seeking the membership to revitalize the elaboration of values in light of the aforementioned finding that only the effective guarantee of the human rights of the population confers full legitimacy to the rulers at the world level.

In this sense, the human rights movement is a global social phenomenon, the framework that raises and causes to move the respective diplomatic action.

  • The international counter-offensive of human rights
  • Consequently, the journalists’ astonishment at the alleged daring of the diplomat Zeid should not last. It is just the effort to confront and condemn the internationally coordinated anti-historical ideological flurries of demagogues to offend the greatest achievement of the international community, which is the construction of an international human rights system based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted 68 years ago.
  • In addition, such unethical attacks of xenophobia, racial and religious segregation, and protectionism aggravate the deep uncertainty that is now spreading throughout the world, where powerful rulers proclaim their desire to build walls among populations, norms and obligations set forth in international conventions are at risk, extremist groups are discovering matter to act and humanity is experiencing massive and impactful suffering, with millions of people forced to flee their homes.
  • Against this backdrop, the diplomat Zeid speaks for thousands of human rights defenders when, through his just protest, he lets us see the international counter-offensive of human rights, not only for giving voice to the commitments of democracy with human rights, but towards criminalizing demagoguery and unethical attacks, abuse of political, social and economic privileges to sow contempt of human rights, confusing mindsets, aggravating people’s distress and their fear of the worst. Instead of demagogy, right-wing politicians should unite to find solutions to complex problems and, before the rulers of underdeveloped countries, to show an example of commitment to civilization.
  • An indispensable initiative
  • Certainly, it is indispensable the clear-sighted initiative to strengthen the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) with a formidable campaign to raise funds for concerted action on human rights in the world, click on the link: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=21178&LangID=E.
  • In addition, there is no shortage of things to do for OHCHR as the executive arm of the UN Human Rights Council. As mentioned by the aforementioned international journal Jurist, dated February 16, [click on the link < http://www.jurist.org/paperchase/2017/02/un-rights-chief-announces-253-million-funding-appeal.php]  OHCHR has raised several concerns only in the last week. On Thursday, the High Commissioner (HCHR) reported that victims of sexual violence in Ukraine [JURIST report] did not receive adequate access to justice or services in the country. On Monday, the HCHR expressed concern [JURIST report] about reports that at least 101 people were killed by Congolese soldiers in conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • On the same day, Myanmar authorities have stated that they will investigate whether the police committed crimes against the Rohingya Muslims after the HCHR released a report [JURIST reports] two weeks ago, stating that the treatment of the Myanmar security forces of the Rohingya Muslims probably constituted Crimes against humanity. The report contains interviews with Rohingya refugees, who reveal that security forces have murdered children, pushed people into burning buildings and raped women, among other crimes.
  • Rio de Janeiro, September 20, 2017
    Jacob J. Lumier
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